Meaning Task: Learn these meanings following the rule given below and write 3 times in your
Notebook. Look – Cover – Say – Check – Write
Permanent Settlements: Settlements which are occupied for a regular period with no time limit are termed as permanent settlements.
Rural Settlements: Villages in which people are engaged mainly in primary activities are called rural settlements.
Urban Settlements: Towns and cities in which people are mainly engaged in secondary and tertiary activities are urban settlements.
Transhumance: It is a seasonal movement of people, who rear animals move in search of new pastures according to changes in season is called transhumance. For example – Gurjars of JK, Bakkarwals of Uttarakhand. Generally they shift from mountain to valleys in summer and in winter, from valleys to mountains.
Compact Settlements: Closely built dwellings in rural areas in plains constitute compact settlements.
Slum and Squattered Settlements: Settlements where people live in congested and unhygienic conditions are called squattered settlements.
Transport: Transport is the means by which people and goods move.
Communication: Communication is the process of conveying messages, ideas and information from one place to another.